C–VPH.1 Animal Welfare in the Food Chain

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About the course


  • 1.          Legislative Objective: Animal welfare at the level of production, transport and slaughter.
  • Legislation

    1.1   Demonstrate a basic understanding of:

    • the purpose of animal welfare regulations relating to farms, transport and livestock markets e.g. WOFAR[1], WAMO[2], PAA, AMP.
    • legislative responsibilities arising from WOFAR, WAMO, PAA including the responsibilities of other enforcement agencies.

    1.2   Demonstrate a general understanding of:

    • the principles and definitions of animal welfare, including the Five Freedoms.

    1.3   Demonstrate a detailed understanding of:

    • the purpose of WATO[3] and WASK[4]
    • legislative responsibilities arising from WATO and WASK.
    • the enforcement processes for animal welfare non-compliances.

    Welfare application

    1.4   Demonstrate a general understanding of how to identify signs of poor welfare on farms, during transport, at markets and during ante- and post mortem inspection.

    1.5   Demonstrate a detailed understanding of:

    • the assessment of welfare on farm, during transport, on arrival at markets and abattoirs and at ante-mortem inspection.
    • the signs of effective stunning and methods of assessing correct stunning and/or killing in livestock and poultry.
    • the different methods of stunning and killing (mechanical, electrical and gaseous) for livestock and poultry, including the physiology of stunning, and factors affecting the effectiveness of stunning.
    • religious slaughter methods.

    Other welfare matters

    1.6   Demonstrate a basic understanding of the purpose the Farm Animal Welfare Council (FAWC) and the Humane Slaughter Association (HSA)

    1.7   Demonstrate a general understanding of:

    • the role of the OV in the licensing of slaughterer including the licensing, assessment, suspension and revocation process.
    • the precautionary principle and consumer concerns of animal welfare in the food chain
    • the relevance of on farm production to the fitness of food for human consumption produced from animals
    • understanding of the interrelations between farm level circumstances and the health of animals.

    2.          Legislative Objective: Good Farming Practices

    2.1   Demonstrate a basic understanding of:

    • the relevance of Good Farming Practice (GFP).
    • different Farm Assurance Schemes in the UK and how they work.
    • The statutory management requirements of the revised CAP

    2.2   Demonstrate a general understanding of:

    • the role of Food Business Operators (FBOs) and their responsibilities prior to harvesting.
    • the purpose of the clean livestock policy.
    • the legal requirements relating to good farming practices, such as the proper use of veterinary drugs and feed additives, including withdrawal periods, records on treatment given to animals, diseases diagnosed on farms, farming restrictions etc;
    • the requirements in Annex 1 of (EC) No 852/2004 – General hygiene requirements for primary production and associated operations.
    • the purpose and value of food chain information, including inspection results and the effective movement of information in both directions.

    Troy Gibson, PhD PGDipSci BSc 
    Lecturer in Animal Welfare Science 

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